The 133-acre Bunker Hill Urban Renewal Project, located in the northwest sector of downtown Los Angeles, was adopted by the Los Angeles City Council on March 31, 1959. It was converted to a Redevelopment Project in 1968. The Project Area is bounded by First Street on the north, Hill Street on the east, a line generally following Fifth Street on the south, and the Harbor Freeway on the west. For reference, a Project map is attached as Exhibit A.
Bunker Hill is CRA/LAâs first and oldest redevelopment project. The passage of the California Community Redevelopment Law in 1945 and Title I of the federal Housing Acts of 1946 and 1949 provided cities with legal and financial tools for combating urban blight through redevelopment. The Los Angeles City Council created the Community Redevelopment Agency of the City of Los Angeles (CRA/LA) in 1948. In 1954, CRA/LA applied and won a federal commitment to a $33 million aid package for the Bunker Hill Urban Renewal Project with $7 million supplied in matching local funds. After a year of many public hearings, the Bunker Hill Urban Renewal Project was adopted by the City Council in 1959. Five lawsuits were immediately filed, challenging the Redevelopment Plan on the basis of takings and compensation, but ultimately the California Supreme Court decided in favor of CRA/LA and upheld the Plan in 1964. The âBunker Hill Urban Renewal Projectâ was later amended by a City Council ordinance into the âBunker Hill Redevelopment Projectâ in 1968 and subsequent amendments have been since adopted, with the latest on December 29, 2006.